In 1783, with the war formally drawing to a close, the Congress faced a wider range of issues. Despite the Congress’s continued efforts to improve its effectiveness, many Americans saw the need for a more powerful central authority; the Congress as defined by the Articles of Confederation was too weak to make the states obey congressional mandates….in 1786, leading statesmen called for a special convention to revise the articles---the Constitutional Convention.
The Federal Convention convened in ….1787, to revise the Articles of Confederation…Through discussion and debate it became clear…that, rather than amend the existing Articles, the Convention would draft an entirely new frame of government…in closed sessions, the delegates debated, and redrafted the articles of the new Constitution.
Among the chief points at issue were how much power to allow the central government, how many representatives in Congress to allow each state, and how these representatives should be elected—directly by the people or by the state legislators. The work of many minds, the Constitution stands as a model of cooperative statesmanship and the art of compromise.